Scotland, the U.K.’s northernmost country, is a land of mountain wildernesses such as the Cairngorms and Northwest Highlands, interspersed with glacial glens (valleys) and lochs (lakes). Its major cities are Edinburgh, the capital, with its iconic hilltop castle, and Glasgow, famed for its vibrant cultural scene. Scotland is also famous for golf, the game first played at the Old Course at St Andrews in the 1400s.
Currency: Pound sterling
Popular Cities / Tourist Spot
Edinburgh Castle: Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, from its position on the Castle Rock.
Loch Ness: Loch Ness is a large, deep, freshwater loch in the Scottish Highlands extending for approximately 37 kilometres southwest of Inverness. Its surface is 16 metres above sea level.
Holyrood Palace: The Palace of Holyroodhouse, commonly referred to as Holyrood Palace, is the official residence of the British monarch in Scotland.
Stirling Castle: Stirling Castle, located in Stirling, is one of the largest and most important castles in Scotland, both historically and architecturally.
Mary King's Close: Mary King's Close is a historic Edinburgh close located under buildings in the Old Town area of Edinburgh, Scotland. It took its name from one Mary King, a merchant burgess who resided on the Close in the 17th century.
Best time to Visit
Winter days, from November through to March, occasionally crisp and bright, are more often cold, gloomy and all too brief, although Hogmanay and New Year has traditionally been a time to visit Scotland for partying and warm hospitality – something which improves as the weather worsens.
Things to Do:
Mary King's Close
Garden of Cosmic Speculation
Holyrood Abbey Ruins
How to Reach
Most transatlantic flights arrive at the Prestwick Airport near Glasgow. There are regular rail connections from Prestwick to Glasgow City Centre that also go on to Edinburgh. Besides that, a convenient way of getting to Scotland is flying to Heathrow London and then taking the domestic flight to Edinburgh or Glasgow. The airports at Dundee, Aberdeen, Inverness or Kirkwall also have flights coming in from a number of European and English cities.